Tulip-Tree (Liriodendron tulipifera)
The tree itself is very tall and conical shaped. It is one of the most massive trees in all of the eastern United States. The Tulip-Tree has an alternate leaf arrangement with a simple leaf complexity. The leaves are slightly lobed without jagged edges. Third picture demonstrates the fruits of the trees that is slim and cone-shaped. I found this specimen in southeastern Ohio, on a sloping hill on the edges of a forest ecosystem and a cleared off yard.
Per “A Field Guild to Trees and Shrubs” by George A. Petrides, the wood from the Tulip-Tree soft and fine and is relatively resistant to splitting. Due to this characteristic, its wood has been used for furniture, interior design, and boats.
Red Maple (Acer rubrum)
The Red Maple has opposite leaf arrangement and a simple leaf complexity. These leaves contained 3 or 5 lobes with the larger leaves having 5 lobes. I found this tree in a cleared off area in the middle of a forested ecosystem. The tree was found in southeastern Ohio, on a flatter area in between two sloping hills, allowing for moister soil.
Our class field guide, “A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs,” states that the wood from Red Maples are sometimes used to make furniture.
Butternut (Juglans cinerea)
The Butternut is in the family of walnuts. The leaf arrangement is alternate, and the leaf complexity is pinnately compound. One distinction that this was a Butternut and not a Black Walnut was the presence of many end leaflets. The leaves are also slightly serate. The fruit is also pictured above in the third picture. This Butternut was found in southeastern Ohio in a forested ecosystem next to some crop fields.
As stated in our field guide, “A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs,” the nuts that are present on this tree have been used to poison fish for easy catching. Wild animals also eat the nuts from this tree. The bark also have the ability to be used to make useful drugs.
Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)
The Flowering Dogwood has an opposite leaf arrangement and a simple leaf complexity. The leave are enitre, and as seen in the second picture above, there are little buds at the tips of the stems. I found this Flowering Dogwood at the edges of a forested area that was beside crop fields in southeastern Ohio.
The bark of this dogwood as been known to be ground up into a power form, which has been used for making toothpaste, black ink, and a quinine substitute. Our field guide, “A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs,” also states that the red berries that are found of this dogwood are bitter to the taste of humans, but many song and game birds as well as many mammals eat them.
Sycamore (Platanus occidental)
The leaves of a Sycamore tree are alternate in arrangement simple in complexity. The leaves are usually 5-lobed. The outer bark is brown and flakes off to show a yellow-whitish bark underneath. This tree was found in southeastern Ohio in a lowland area in short proximity to a stream.
Per our field guide for this class, “A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs,” the Sycamore is looked at to be the “most massive” tree in the eastern United States. Indians used to use these trees to make canoes. One canoe that was found was said to be 65′ long and weighed over 9000lbs.
Tall Pawpaw (Asimina triloba)
The leaves of the Tall Pawpaw are entire, alternate in arrangement, and pinnately compound in complexity. The leaves are long and rounder at one end that comes to a point. The Pawpaw grows fruits that are banana-like in shape and green in color in August through October. I found this Tall Pawpaw tree in southeastern Ohio in a lowland area that was close to a small creek.
The Pawpaw fruits have become so popular and sought after that there is a Pawpaw Festival in Hocking County, OH. The fruits are used to make desserts.
Sweet Buckeye (Aesculus octandra)
The leaves of the Sweet Buckeye are entire, palmately compound in complexity and are opposite in arrangement. When breaking off a piece of the stem, there was no “skunky” smell present, so I could tell this was not the Ohio Buckeye that looks very similar to this species. In the left picture above, I found a buckeye nut that was left over from last season. I found this Sweet Buckeye tree in southeastern Ohio in a forested ecosystem that was next to a small stream.
In early autumn, the husks of the fruit from the Sweet Buckeye will break open, revealing one or two buckeyes. Their name came about due to the two teamed buckeyes being said to look like deer eyes. http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/yellowbuckeye
Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
Sassafras trees have leaves that are alternately arranged with a simple leaf complexity. The leaves of the Sassafras tree are very unique. There are usually three different shapes of leaves; rounded or egg shaped, mitten shaped, and three-lobed. All three different types were found on this same tree, and can be seen above in the pictures! I was able to find many Sassafras trees in a forested area in southeastern Ohio on a sloping hill.
Sassafras trees have had many uses in the past, and are still continued to be used today. Our field guide, “A Field Guide to Trees and Shrubs,” states that their wood has been used to make barrels, small boats and canoes, and even fuel. Today, there is a Sassafras Tea that is made by boiling the outer bark from the roots of the tree.