Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii)
Opposite, simple leaves with iconic red berries
Birds and mammals love the berries, so these trees can spread very quickly (Tree of Heaven, n.d.).
Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
Crushed leaves have a strong peanut butter odor
Pinnately compound leaves with many leaflets
Tree of Heaven, invasive to the US, is native to parts of China, Taiwan, and north Korea (Tree of Heaven, n.d.).
Grapevine (Vitis riparia)
Simple, alternate, toothed, lobed leaves
According to EdibleWildFood.com, “Grape vines grow thicker and higher than most other native vines” (Wild Grape Vine: Pictures, Flowers, Leaves & Identification | Vitis Riparia, n.d.).
Garlic Mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
Low-growing rosette, single-stemmed, smells like garlic
Thrives in moist, shady, rich forests (Alliaria Petiolata (Garlic-Mustard): Go Botany, n.d.).
Alliaria petiolata (garlic-mustard): Go Botany
. (n.d.). Retrieved October 4, 2020, from https://gobotany.nativeplanttrust.org/species/alliaria/petiolata/
. (n.d.). MDC Discover Nature. Retrieved October 4, 2020, from https://nature.mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/field-guide/bush-honeysuckles
Wild Grape Vine: Pictures, Flowers, Leaves & Identification | Vitis riparia
. (n.d.). Retrieved October 4, 2020, from https://www.ediblewildfood.com/wild-grape-vine.aspx